Tel Aviv University Colloquium
 
Hello everyone,
 
The next colloquium talk will be held on:
 
Monday, 19/11/2012, 12:15, Schreiber 006, Tel Aviv University.
 
Speaker: Gil Kalai (Hebrew University)
 
Title: Quantum information, computation, and noise.
 
The abstract is given below. Tea and coffee at 12:00, same room.
 
Hope to see you there. For information about future colloquia, see
 <http://www.math.tau.ac.il/~ostrover/colloquium/colloq2012.html>
 
Yours,
Yaron
 
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Abstract: Quantum computers are hypothetical devices based on quantum
physics that can out-perform classical computers. A famous algorithm by
Peter Shor shows that quantum computers can factor an integer n in C(log
n)^3 steps. The feasibility of computationally-superior quantum computers
is one of the most fascinating and clear-cut scientific problems of our
time. The main concern is that quantum systems are inherently noisy. Roughly
what this means for quantum computers is that the internal states of quantum
registers may vary unpredictably outside the range that allows the quantum
algorithm to continue.
To overcome this difficulty a fascinating notion of quantum error-correction
and a remarkable theory of quantum fault-tolerance were developed.
 
The question if quantum computers are feasible offers us mathematicians
interesting mathematical questions, and specifically, how to mathematically
model noisy quantum evolutions and to express the insight that quantum
systems are "inherently noisy." In the lecture I will describe my work on
this topic
and some highlights in a recent discussion between Aram Harrow and me on the
possibility within quantum mechanics that universal (or just superior)
quantum computers are impossible.
 
The talk will be self contained: no prior knowledge about quantum computers
will be assumed.
 
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Technion Math Net-2 (TECHMATH2)
Editor: Michael Cwikel   <techm@math.technion.ac.il> 
Announcement from:  <ostrover@post.tau.ac.il>